Painful Periods

The medical term for painful periods is dysmenorrhoea. You may describe it as pain, discomfort, or cramps around the time of menstruation. There are 2 types of dysmenorrhoea: primary and secondary.

Painful Periods

The medical term for painful periods is dysmenorrhoea. You may describe it as pain, discomfort, or cramps around the time of menstruation. There are 2 types of dysmenorrhoea: primary and secondary.

Primary dysmenorrhoea

This generally occurs soon after a woman starts her periods. It is very common and may occur in as many as 50% of adolescents. Most of the time your symptoms will start in the heavy part of menstruation, and last for a few days only.

Causes

It is caused by prostaglandin production. Prostaglandins stimulate uterine contractions.

Treatment

Hormonal contraception is often an effective treatment.

Secondary Dysmenorrhoea

This is when there is an underlying cause for the painful periods.

Causes

Common causes are endometriosis and adenomyosis.

Treatment

If you are experiencing pain with periods we recommend review by an experienced practitioner in this area. It may be a trial of hormonal therapy is a reasonable first step before more intensive options are considered such as laparoscopic (keyhole) surgery.

We can help

If you are experiencing painful periods and would like to talk to us about how we can help, please feel free to contact us. You can also request an appointment online.

This generally occurs soon after a woman starts her periods. It is very common and may occur in as many as 50% of adolescents. Most of the time your symptoms will start in the heavy part of menstruation, and last for a few days only.

Causes

It is caused by prostaglandin production. Prostaglandins stimulate uterine contractions.

Treatment

Hormonal contraception is often an effective treatment.

This is when there is an underlying cause for the painful periods.

Causes

Common causes are endometriosis and adenomyosis.

Treatment

If you are experiencing pain with periods we recommend review by an experienced practitioner in this area. It may be a trial of hormonal therapy is a reasonable first step before more intensive options are considered such as laparoscopic (keyhole) surgery.

If you are experiencing painful periods and would like to talk to us about how we can help, please feel free to contact us. You can also request an appointment online.

Related Conditions & Treatments

Related Conditions & Treatments

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